The PENCEL pressuremeter, also known as pavement, pused-in or cone pressuremeter, is comprised of three main components:
The mono-cellular probe consists of a cylindrical body fitted with an inflatable sheath, fluid inlet and saturation ports, a conical drive shoe and a drive rod adapter.
The Control Unit
The control unit consists of an ABS enclosure supported on an aluminum tripod and containing the cylinder, pressure gauge, digital volume indicator, control valves and tubing connectors.
The standard tubing consists of a single conduit fitted with shutoff quick connectors at both extremities, which allow the probe or tubing to be uncoupled without desaturating the circuit.
The PENCEL is a highly portable system that offers simplicity and economical operation. The probe is set directly in a borehole prepared in advance using a hand auger or driven pipe. It can also be inserted by static pushing or by light dynamical driving. No heavy drilling equipment is required for testing with the PENCEL, making it an especially attractive instrument for use on sites where access with heavy equipment is impractical, or in a economically restrained situation.
Test Procedure and Results
The probe is set in place. The test is then typically run in steps of equal volume increments.
The test data gathered with the PENCEL pressuremeter, like that gathered with other pressuremeters, yields a stress-strain curve from which two main parameters are obtained:
- The limit pressure PL which corresponds to a twofold volume increase of the probe, and is a direct reflection of the soil’s bearing capacity.
- The modulus of deformation E is determined on the quasi-linear initial portion of the curve. It can be used for estimating settlement.
|Dimensions (L×W×H)||48 × 37 × 15 cm|
|Working pressure (max.)||2500 kPa|
|Pressure gauge range||−100 to +2500 kPa|
|Pressure gauge accuracy||1% F.S.|
|Reservoir volume||140 cc|
|Volume measurement||0.1 cc|
|Pressure measurement||25 kPa|
|Dimensions (folded)||47 cm dia. × 74 cm high|
|Length (complete with rod adapter and drive shoe)||69 cm (std) / 74 cm (hollow)|
|Measuring cell O.D. (min.)||32 mm|
|Test zone length||240 mm|
|Shoe O.D.||35 mm|
|Rod adapter||For EW or AW rods|
|Length (std.)||10 m (or to order)|
|Weight||0.4 kg + 0.04 kg/m|
|Total System Weight||16 kg|